Weekly Teaching Note
Apr 03 2013
With the Community, Not Just In It

“It usually takes more than three weeks to prepare a good impromptu speech.”         --Mark Twain

Community engagement, gaining ascendancy in recent years for some disciplines, brings great promise for students and teachers as a memorable and meaningful approach to education.  A burgeoning literature characterizes many aspects of this pedagogy, and a number of clear principles help ensure a quality community-based learning experience for all participants.  

Validity of the “text”

Try thinking of the community as a text, specifically selected for maximum impact within and beyond the classroom. In this way, selection of a community site or partner parallels the agonizing selection of a textbook.  With no “perfect” text out there, instructors must choose a location or organization for students that will help them test out the theories they learn in the classroom, balancing the shortcomings and the positive attributes of the source.  Instructors should consider the difficulty of the community agency as text, how easily it can be read and understood by students, and how poised for highlighting, underlining, and notetaking the agency and its staff, volunteers, and clients might be.

In it for the long term

By living in a place, one begins to know it more deeply and thus comprehend the needs of its constituents, organizations, and community as a whole.  Community-based work calls for faculty to leave their offices, classrooms, and studios, and be in the city – on its streets, patronizing its retail establishments and services, letting its culture seep in to the faculty life.  By listening closely and examining where the community does not quite come together or where there might be friction or where there exists a need to be met – these cracks and fissures provide golden opportunities for faculty, students, and institutions to truly be of benefit to the places in which they sit.  A long-term attitude of a faculty member thinking with the community ideally makes possible a recognition of an authentic approach that will result in transformative, positive change.


One way to guarantee a successful collaboration with students and community partners is to consider the reciprocity of such an undertaking for all parties concerned.  Community engaged activity thus represents not just a one-way street, with students and faculty dropping into the community with little care or concern about the true needs. Instead, it’s important to realize that some approaches will be more successful than others, and that students, faculty, and community partners must all cultivate the ability to hear and understand what happens when the vital energy of students finds its way into the city.  There can be nothing more deeply satisfying than for a student to know the tasks they have undertaken really do matter and do make a difference for others.  Having that good feeling in the end requires much listening, an openness to others, and a deep connection to the community by the faculty member. 

The syllabus and learning goals

Because any community-engaged project requires thoughtful articulation of responsibilities and connection to the educational purposes of activities, the syllabus provides the place for the critically important documentation of expectations for faculty, student, and community partner.  Taking the time to work with the community site or agency to help them see the learning goals of the course and the way that the community project ties in with the rest of the material from class makes a huge difference in understanding with the staff, volunteer, or agency with whom or where the student and faculty may work.  In having these conversations before the semester commences and in talking them through, faculty members help avoid challenges and circumstances for students, the faculty member themselves, and the community partner throughout the semester and beyond.


  • Hatcher, Julie A. and Bob Bringle, eds. (2011) Understanding Service Learning and Community Engagement: Crossing Boundaries through Research.  International Association for Research on Service-Learning and Community Engagement.

To follow up on any of these ideas, please contact Amy Bravo (abravo@nyit.edu) or Adrienne McNally (amcnally@nyit.edu) at Career Services. This Weekly Teaching Note was adapted from a contribution to the Teaching and Learning Writing Consortium sponsored by Western Kentucky University.


Patrick Lee Lucas

Associate Professor

Faculty Teaching & Learning Commons

University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Contact Us

Center for Teaching and Learning

Old Westbury
Harry Schure Hall, Room 227A
Email Us | Map It

Edward Guiliano Global Center
Email Us | Map It

Weekly Teaching Notes
Feb 04 2016

How Accurate are Your Assumptions about the Students in Your Class?

Jan 27 2016

First Day of Class: Engage your Students with Poll Everywhere!

Nov 19 2015

Encouraging Students to Ask Questions

Nov 11 2015

Innovative Ways to Prevent Conflict in Student Groups

Nov 04 2015

Using Bloom’s Taxonomy as a Framework for Student-led Discussions