Weekly Teaching Note
Jan 29 2014
Prior Knowledge Check

“A teacher is one who makes himself progressively unnecessary.” - Thomas Carruthers

On the first day of class, I like to ask students to write a 1-page response to the following question: “What do you know about (Insert your field here)?” I do this for multiple reasons:

  • It activates prior knowledge, requiring students to pull from their experiences and see how they might apply those experiences to class material (Pressley et al., 1992).
  • It demonstrates that I value what they may already know about the field.
  • It puts the responsibility on the students and illustrates that this class will require active participation.

Near the end of the semester, I return these papers to the students, and have them respond to what they wrote previously. Students are usually surprised by their initial writings and by their ability to respond with what they have learned. This activity shows how much a student’s conceptualization of a field can change in just 15 weeks. It also reminds me of the quotation above—and how quickly I become unnecessary, if I do my job well.

Good luck & happy teaching!


  • Pressley, M., Wood, E., Woloshyn, V., Martin, V., King, A., and Menke, D. (1992). Encouraging mindful use of prior knowledge: Attempting to construct explanatory answers facilitates learning. Educational Psychologist 27(1), 91–109.

To follow up on any of these ideas, please contact me at fglazer@nyit.edu. This Weekly Teaching Note was adapted from a contribution to the Teaching and Learning Writing Consortium hosted at Western Kentucky University and organized by Seneca College and New York Institute of Technology.

Dr. Michelle Jackson
Manager, English Language Institute
Professional & Public Programs
The University of Texas

Contact Us

Center for Teaching and Learning

Old Westbury
Harry Schure Hall, Room 227A
Email Us | Map It

Edward Guiliano Global Center
Email Us | Map It

Weekly Teaching Notes
Nov 19 2015

Encouraging Students to Ask Questions

Nov 11 2015

Innovative Ways to Prevent Conflict in Student Groups

Nov 04 2015

Using Bloom’s Taxonomy as a Framework for Student-led Discussions

Oct 28 2015

Five Guidelines for Teaching with Transfer in Mind

Oct 22 2015

Progress Report Journal