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Nov 27, 2012

Beyond Four Walls: Leveraging Technology for Learning

Have you ever had a discussion with your students that was so rich that you wished it could continue beyond the end of class? Good news – technology can help! There are many easy-to-implement technologies that can be used to have discussions, deliver content, and facilitate interaction. This week’s Teaching Note describes a set of educational technology resources that can help you extend your courses beyond the traditional classroom. 

 
New Web Site: Educational Technologies for Teaching and Learning

Members of the Educational Technology committee have contributed to the development of a website that lists various tools, most of which are easy to use. Each tool has been used by one or more NYIT faculty members for instructional purposes. Names of faculty and staff who are willing to share their experiences with you and support your initial attempts at using these technologies are listed on each page.
 
The web site is built using Google Sites, part of NYIT’s Google Apps for Education. Google Sites, itself, may be a useful tool for your students as a way to collect, organize, and present information. Some of the tools listed there are synchronous, like Skype. People can connect from different locations, but must use the technology at the same time. Others are asynchronous, like a bulletin board, meaning that people can contribute from different locations and at different times.

If you would like to add anything to the site – your name as a faculty member who uses a particular tool, or another tool that we missed – please contact the Educational Technology Committee chairs, Jim Martinez (jmarti23@nyit.edu) and Fran Glazer (fglazer@nyit.edu), or the Committee secretary, Tobi Abramson (tabramso@nyit.edu).
 
 
Blackboard Exam Converter
 
If you have ever tried to create an exam on Blackboard (Bb), you know how time consuming it is to create questions. Bb gives you a great deal of control over how the questions are presented and how the exams are configured, but the trade-off for that is a seemingly endless set of fields to fill in … for each question.
 
Thanks to the Web Systems group in the Office of Information Technology and Infrastructure, you now have a much more efficient option! The Bb Exam Converter allows you to copy and paste your “gently modified” exam from your standard text editor (e.g., Microsoft Word), and will produce a formatted file that you can upload directly into Bb. The Converter supports five types of questions: multiple choice, multiple answer, essay, true-false, and matching. After you’ve uploaded the questions file, it’s easy to go into specific questions to add an image.
 
The web page provides directions, a sample test so you can see the formatting and try it out, a brief video demonstrating how it works, and links for more support.
 
 
Pearson MyLabs now integrate easily with Bb
 
If you use a textbook published by Pearson, it’s very likely that you have received promotional materials from them about their online supplements. After careful evaluation and testing, the Pearson building block has been installed in Bb. It allows you to integrate their “MyLab” exercises, available in many disciplines, so that students can access them from within Bb rather than having to log out and go to a second web site.
 
If you are interested in taking advantage of this feature, you need to contact the publisher to see what resources are available for your textbook. You may also want to register for a free webinar offered by Bb on December 10, in which a faculty member who uses Pearson MyLab within Bb will discuss her experience with the tools and answer questions. For more information and to register, visit http://go.blackboard.com/BITS.
 

Author: francine_glazer

Nov 14, 2012

Online Collaboration Through Evernote: A New Group Format

Like many professors "of a certain age," the transition from lecture based, traditional classroom models to technology inclusive, collaborative approaches to adult learning did not come easily or naturally for me.  However, I arrived at the realization that students today, even good students, were simply unable to adequately assimilate information with traditional, instructor-driven, models.  Continued effectiveness in the classroom would require new skills and adjustments on my part. 

I began to seek out various on-line tools to encourageinteraction and collaborative work.  I discovered a product called Evernote™ that allows students to share virtual “notebooks” so they can compile materials for group projects in one place.  Evernote™ is a free service available on most electronic devices.  It allows users to type notes into an Evernote™ notebook and access those notes from anywhere.  Students may record information in text, audio or visual format with text being searchable within images.  
In a project group, each student is able to go to the document stored in Evernote™ and edit or revise, thus eliminating thefrustration students often have in relation to coordinating schedules to arrange meeting times for group work. Everyone has access to all of the articles and other resources for the project and can add resources at any time.   Suddenly, students were contributing more, creating more as a group, instead of relying on one person to compile the project, and completing projects within the time frames assigned.  Complaints related to “social loafing” subsided.  My skepticism waned.   
As I pondered other ways that students might be able to work “together” from a distance, I discovered StudyBlue™.  The collaborative features of StudyBlue™ are part of what earned them a place in the 2012 listing of Top 25 Websites for Teaching and Learning, awarded by the American Association of School Librarians (Habley, 2012). StudyBlue™ created the ability for students to share virtual “backpacks” with their classmates, enabling collaboration of a flashcard database for their specific course, text or discipline.  Students can learn from classmates as well as approximately one million users worldwide, who add roughly 2 million new flashcards each week through the shared database (Klündt, 2012). As students enter their flashcard, they are shown approximately 30 related cards from their classmates or students in general.  They can then add another student’s card to their deck, use their own, or both. 
Evernote™ teamed up with StudyBlue™ to allow students to take their Evernote™ notebooks and transfer them to their virtual “backpack” in StudyBlue™ where they can make their interactive flashcards (which can include text, audio and imagery), study guides and quizzes that are available on both desktop and mobile devices without having to retype data.   Evernote™ accounts, or specific notebooks within accounts, can be set to automatically sync with StudyBlue™ upon login at StudyBlue™.
In my class, I encourage students to type notes in Evernote™ or export them from Word™ into Evernote™, sync and study with StudyBlue™.  This ability to access notes and flashcards quickly and easily, via mobile device, has increased interaction with the material and encouraged students to build their knowledge base together.  Both tools appeal to our tech savvy student population by providing a cutting edge, convenient way to accomplish courseobjectives and projects.   
Resources:
 
 
To follow up on any of these ideas, please contact me at fglazer@nyit.edu. This Weekly Teaching Note was adapted from a contribution to the Teaching and Learning Writing Consortium sponsored by Western Kentucky University.
 
Contributor:
Beth White Bigler
Tennessee Teaching and Learning Center
The University of Tennessee, Knoxille

Author: francine_glazer

Nov 06, 2012

Blackboard 101

In the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, one obvious priority is making sure all of us – students, faculty, and staff – are safe and cared for. Another priority, equally important, is making sure that students can continue their coursework with minimal interruptions.

This week’s note links you to resources that are available to help you use Blackboard (Bb). In subsequent weeks, we will showcase NYIT faculty members who are using Bb and other educational technologies to maintain continuity of instruction with their students. If you are currently using digital tools to help your students learn and would like to share your strategies with your colleagues, please email me directly, at fglazer@nyit.edu.

Getting Started on Blackboard:

The first place to go for help is the NYIT Online web page, www.nyit.edu/nyitonline. There, you will find a one-page summary of support services offered to help faculty get started with Bb, and links to how-to videos for faculty (http://iris.nyit.edu/tbls/faculty) and students (http://iris.nyit.edu/tbls/student). You’ll also find a list of dates when staff from the TBLS helpdesk are available in Manhattan and in Old Westbury for drop-in support.

One thing that is especially important to note: if you add materials to Bb for your students, you will need to explicitly grant the students access to the course shell. There’s a short video demonstrating how to make your course available to students on the NYIT Online Faculty Videos page (direct link to video: http://goo.gl/Wncy8). 

Finding your courses in Blackboard:

All courses have Bb “shells” – dedicated virtual spaces – created for them automatically. To find the shells for the courses you are teaching, first log into the portal, http://my.nyit.edu, with your NYIT userID and password. Then, click the “NYIT Blackboard” link at the top of the left-hand column.


 
On the right-hand side of the Bb home screen, you’ll see a list of the courses you are teaching. You can enter any of the course shells by clicking the name of the course.
Bb home screen

Author: francine_glazer

Oct 23, 2012

Low-Tech Classroom Response Systems (Clickers)

Have you wanted to use “clickers” in class to gauge students’ understanding, but you don’t necessarily want to spend the time developing the PowerPoints or the questions online that some systems use?  Or perhaps you’re not sure if you want students to invest in them because you’re not sure how often you’ll use them, and you don’t want them to waste money to only use them a time or two during the semester. Or you may be considering a web site like http://www.polleverywhere.com, but you’re not sure you want students getting out their phones after you’ve worked so hard to get them to put the devices away! 

You may want to try something low-tech to see if you like using a student response system first, too. Here are two ways to make low-tech “clickers” for class that don’t involve cell phones or other electronic gadgets.


The first way to do this is to create a Word document that has a table with 2 columns and 3 rows, placing a letter in 5 of the boxes and a ? in the 6th box for the choices students might have.  The table would look like this:

 

A B
C D
E ?



Then print them and give one to each student (or post them on Blackboard and ask students to print and bring them to class).  Students can then fold the sheet of paper to display the letter for the answer option that is “correct” or that they most agree with. They can display a ? if they truly have no idea.


A second low-tech way to do this is to buy different colored index cards and give students one colored card for A, another color for B, and so on, remembering to have a color for ?, as well.  You can distribute “packets” of the cards on the first day of class and ask students to always bring them.


While using these low-tech paper “student response systems” does not allow the anonymity that their electronic counterparts do, the paper method does allow for you to still get an idea of what students do or don’t understand.  You also will have the chance to ask them to find someone who has a different answer displayed than they do and discuss why they each chose the answer they did.  Then have everyone share their answers again, changing if they need to do so. Giving up anonymity thus provides some chances for interaction that can’t be had in quite the same way as with a “real clicker.”



To follow up on any of these ideas, please contact me at fglazer@nyit.edu. This Weekly Teaching Note was adapted from a contribution to the Teaching and Learning Writing Consortium sponsored by Western Kentucky University.


Contributor

Wren Mills, PhD

Faculty Center for Excellence in Teaching

Western Kentucky University

http://www.wku.edu/teaching 

Author: francine_glazer

Oct 17, 2012

Effective Feedback

It's not teaching that causes learning. Attempts by the learner to perform cause learning, dependent upon the quality of the feedback and opportunities to use it.

 – Grant Wiggins, AAHE Bulletin, 50 (3), p. 7, 1997

Timely and explicit feedback is an essential component of the learning process. Effective feedback identifies specific aspects of student performance that need improvement, and indicates ways in which the student can improve. By contrast, grades provide only a generic evaluation of performance. Although grades and scores provide some information on the degree to which student performance has met the criteria, they do not explain which aspects did or did not meet the criteria and how.

The full benefits of feedback can only be realized when the feedback adequately directs students’ subsequent practice and when students have the opportunity to incorporate that feedback into their work. Mid-semester feedback, combined with another assignment in which to apply it, is much more effective than is feedback at the end of the semester.

It is also important to consider appropriate response times. This involves both how soon feedback is given (typically, earlier is better) as well as how often (typically, more frequently is better). The ideal timing of feedback, however, cannot be determined by any general rule. Rather, it is best decided in terms of what would best support the goals you have set for students’ learning. Generally, more frequent feedback leads to more efficient learning because it helps students stay on track and address their errors before they become entrenched.

That said, simply giving students lots of feedback about their performance is not necessarily effective. Too much feedback tends to overwhelm students. Students are likely to focus on a subset of the comments that involve detailed, easy-to-fix elements rather than on comments that require conceptual or structural changes to their work.

WHAT STRATEGIES DOES THE RESEARCH SUGGEST?

Set expectations about quality. It’s always easier to excel when you know what the standards are. Share details about what your criteria are with your students when you give them the assignment.

Show students examples of good work.  It can be helpful to share examples of what “good” work looks like, such as an effective paper or a robust solution to a problem. Sharing samples of past student work can help students see how your performance criteria relate to the actual assignment.

Build in multiple opportunities for practice. Because learning accumulates gradually with practice, multiple assignments of shorter length or smaller scope tend to result in more learning than a single assignment of greater length or larger scope.

Require students to specify how they used feedback in subsequent work. Feedback is most valuable when students have the opportunity to reflect on it so they can effectively incorporate it into future practice, performance, or both. Because students often do not see the connection between or among assignments, projects, exams, and so on, asking students to note explicitly how a piece of feedback impacted their practice or performance helps them see and experience the ‘complete’ learning cycle. For example, some instructors who assign multiple drafts of papers require students to submit with each subsequent draft their commented-on prior draft with a paragraph describing how they incorporated the feedback. An analogous approach could be applied to a project assignment that included multiple milestones.

“Feedback,” writes Wiggins (1997), “is not evaluation, the act of placing value.  Feedback is value-neutral help on worthy tasks.  It describes what the learner did and did not do in relation to her goals. It is actionable information, and it empowers the student to make intelligent adjustments when she applies it to her next attempt to perform.”

 

Resources:

  • Ambrose, S. A., et al. (2010). How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.  
  • Chickering, A.W. and Z. F. Gamson. (1987). Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education. The American Association for Higher Education Bulletin 39(7): 3-7.
  • Wiggins, G. (1997). Feedback: How Learning Occurs. The American Association for Higher Education Bulletin 50(3): 7-8.

 

To follow up on any of these ideas, please contact me at fglazer@nyit.edu. This Weekly Teaching Note was adapted from a contribution to the Teaching and Learning Writing Consortium sponsored by Western Kentucky University.

 

Contributor:

Kathy Watson

Associate Dean, Faculty Development

Eckerd College

Author: francine_glazer

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Major: Interior Design, B.F.A.
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