News and Events
News
Events

Apr 16 2014

NYIT Celebrates M.B.A. Graduation at JUFE

Apr 10 2014

NYIT Anatomy Professors Awarded NSF Grant for Evolutionary Studies

Apr 04 2014

NYIT Expert to Lecture on Nation’s Physician Shortage and Poverty

Apr 03 2014

NSF Grant Supports NYIT’s “Clean Water Matters” Workshop in China

Apr 03 2014

NYIT and Peking University Address the Water-Energy Nexus in China

Apr 17 2014

U.S. China Ecopartnership Conference: The Water-Energy Nexus, Sustainability and Global Challenges

Apr 17 2014

Michael Maiese, AIA

Apr 18 2014

Student Programming Association Presents Les Once on Broadway

Apr 21 2014

“Year of Turkey 2014” Webinar: Video-Conferencing Using Zoom

Apr 21 2014

Internship Certificate Program - Orientation II

Academic Fellowship

Each year, the center will name and support an academic fellowship for a third-year College of Osteopathic Medicine student. The following fellows and research are mentioned below.

2011-2012

Jasmine Beria:A Prospective Study Using Electrocardiograms as a Potential Screening Tool for the Detection of Chronic Chagas' Disease in an Endemic Population- Morazan, El Salvador

Approximately 10 million people are diagnosed with Chagas’ disease in the Americas, in which 232,000 people reside in the country of El Salvador.  Chagas’ disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, with the most common route of infection through vector-borne transmission.  Less than 1% of all acute cases are diagnosed.  Seventy-five percent of chronic patients remain in the indeterminate or asymptomatic form throughout their lives.  Serology has been shown to be the most useful test for this stage of Chagas’.  After review of current literature, studies have been conducted in which EKG’s were analyzed for the presence of abnormalities within known serologically positive Chagas’ populations.  The propensity for arrhythmias indicates that an EKG could make an attractive, inexpensive screening tool.  A prospective study within endemic populations has yet to be conducted in an effort to assess and validate whether or not an EKG would provide enough sensitivity and specificity to be used as a screening tool.  The investigators suggest that patients with specific EKG manifestations could subsequently be serologically tested for asymptomatic chronic Chagas’ disease infection, thereby allowing for earlier detection and intervention.  The rise in immigration from endemic countries to the United States increases the need for greater awareness of the globalization of Chagas’ heart disease.  Early recognition and management may prevent significant morbidity and mortality from Chagas’ cardiomyopathy in this country.  This study was conducted in Morazán, El Salvador. A 12-lead EKG and blood samples were obtained from 310 subjects.  ELISA and indirect immunofluorescence testing were performed on each sample.  The investigators anticipated 10 positive subjects based on prevalence data from the WHO. Serological results show that 25 subjects are positive; this is above the reported prevalence for the country.  The EKGs have been evaluated by a cardiologist that is blinded to the laboratory results.  Current analysis will then determine the validity of using EKGs as a screening tool for Chagas' disease in El Salvador and other endemic countries.

Jasmine has been awarded the Benjamin H. Kean Fellowship in Tropical Medicine for her research by the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene in 2012.

Jonathan Giordano: Evaluation of nutritional status among school-aged children in rural Kwahu- Eastern Region, Ghana

Nutrition is often ignored when discussing the economic development of nations. Times of political unrest, drought, and famine highlight the situation only when it is too late.  Although the leading causes of disease in the world are infectious in nature - with preventable disease of lower respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases and malaria contributing to 7.3 million deaths and leading to more than 168 million disability-adjusted life years lost in low-income countries - the problem is worsened by malnutrition. In order to investigate the nutritional status of children in this region, over 400 students were interviewed at local schools in Kwahu-Eastern Region, Ghana – a 24 hour diet recall was conducted, as well as height, weight and arm circumference measurements.  Based on this data, the investigators are currently examining what each child consumes in both macro and micronutrients, as well as comparing their physical development to WHO standards.  In addition to looking for trends in the cohort as a whole, the investigators have a particular interest in comparing results between communities that have a government sponsored school lunch program (an incentive for the child to attend school) and those communities that do not have this program.

In addition to this research, Jon has won a first-place award in the outreach category of the BIOMEA/SOMA Abstract Competition for "Malaria Education of School Aged Children in Kwahu-Eastern Region, Ghana; Anansi Tricks Mrs. Mosquito," – an award that resulted in his invitation to be an oral presenter at the BIOMEA seminar of the annual AOA conference.  The presentation is a result of an educational outreach program designed by the Center for Global Health in conjunction with the NYIT School of Education, Wisser Memorial Library, Jesse M. Rohde Foundation and a local NY artist.

2010-2011

Dianna El-Neemany
Socioeconomic and cultural factors contributing to HIV transmission in Women in Belize
Belize has the highest prevalence of HIV in Latin America, and in the last few years, the incidence of HIV infections has been greater among women than men. Past efforts to promote HIV prevention through condom use and safe sex behaviors have been inadequate in addressing this trend due to the inequalities that exist in relationships between men and women. In this study, we intend to use semi-structured interviews to qualitatively collect data on the socioeconomic and cultural factors that contribute to the transmission of HIV. The topics for interview were derived from issues presented by the World Health Organization regarding sexual and reproductive health, particularly addressing partner selection and sexual risk taking. In several studies conducted in African countries facing a similar trend, gender inequalities and poverty play a large role in determining sexual behavior. Such studies are lacking in Belize and thus this study will provide a stepping stone for improving current HIV prevention programs in order to address the barriers that exist for women.
 
2009
Cheryl Dinglas
Mothers Providing Care
The Mothers Providing Care Program and its Effectiveness in Reducing Maternal Morbidity and Mortality in Ghana is an ongoing project that uses community health workers to screen forsigns and symptoms of preeclampsia and postpartum hemorrhage. A research survey was completed in August 2009 yielding 596 surveys’ on the prevalence of these two disorders in the region. The statistical data revealed that as the mother had more years of education the odds ratio was decreased for post-partum hemorrhage to 0.629. We would therefore like to continue with the education programs for the community health workers If successful, the MPC program could provide an effective and low-cost preventative healthcare education and early intervention to a region deficient of skilled care. This project also looks at the reevaluation of the Mothers providing care manual and teaching onsite.
 
Vanessa Parisi
The effectiveness of simulation in global health fieldwork: Linking theoretical knowledge to practical experience
As global health studies become incorporated into medical education, through didactics, lecture series, and discussion, fieldwork opportunities are becoming a critical part of this curriculum. However, there is little evidence of preparatory training occurring before departure. Since simulations have proven to be an effective tool for training medical professionals, a program that incorporates simulation on fieldwork scenarios is instrumental in linking theoretical knowledge to practical experience. Cultural Taboos are addressed in hands on simulation with the help of professional actors.
 
Anna Mardakhayeva
Ghanaians school children’s attitudes and perceptions of hygiene and transmission of infectious diseases
The study investigates the current beliefs, body of knowledge and daily behavioral practices that school age children, ages 5-17 years, have regarding infectious diseases and hygiene. Early educational intervention can significantly improve children’s hygiene and health outcomes. Although attitudes, perceptions and behaviors concerning infectious disease have been investigated in adult populations, the literature available on children’s understanding of infectious causes and transmission is minimal. This year the School of Education at NYIT has collaborated with the Center for Global Health in creating a health education play “Anansi ‘s Web of Wonder” for school aged children regarding malaria prevention and general hygiene . It was presented in evening and day performances in the schools and at the clinic. Follow up research will  estimate the effectiveness of this health-education program which occurred in June 2010.
 

2008

Hope Cohen-Webb
The interconnectedness of the world and the consequences of these connections has become a strong concern for many medical professionals-in-training.     In recent years, student interest in global health has increased dramatically. Most students enter the medical field because of a deep-rooted desire to serve and alleviate suffering; an interest in global health is a natural extension of these ideals. Awareness of global health is important because people in both developed and developing countries are affected by similar problems, though the magnitude of the effect may be different.    A Global health curriculum was designed to standardize the training and preparation of medical students prior to their departure for global health endeavors and addressed four components including public health, key concepts, cultural competency and medical preparedness.

 


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